Youth are involved in a referral network that links them with local clubs, courts, police departments, schools, social service agencies and other organizations. Researchers and academics studying gang behaviour consider the social factors that motivate individual decisions to join, remain in or leave a gang. The report further found that Southeast Asian heroin usually enters Canada through Vancouver, Toronto, or Montreal via international airports and major British Columbia marine ports. These sites are not controlled by the National Gang Center. He noted that this was like smoking. As will be seen shortly, law enforcement reactions to gangs are much more formally administered.
We want to keep young people out of gangs and safe from harm. In one example, Triads deal with the state of North Korea, and Latin American drug cartels, to run a shadow economy based on the trading of narcotics, counterfeit goods, and illegal migrants. Street gang activity is not about religious or cultural differences—it is motivated by profit. Quite often, Vietnamese groups lack ties to any one community and, therefore, may travel to various cities to set up temporary operations. As a result, it has become increasingly difficult to determine whether triads or more contemporary syndicates commit transnational crime. Gang violence is a serious concern, both in Edmonton and across Canada. The groups are expanding in the area of high technology crimes and have engaged in the theft of computer parts, which they sell on the black market to third world countries.
Criminal Intelligence Service Canada -- annual report Canadian Foundation for Drug Policy
The groups also pursue more traditional crimes such as vehicle theft, money laundering, and gun running. However, if a parent organization exists, these groups still maintain certain loyalties to that organization. It is known, however, that the Wo Hop To sub-group is involved in both heroin trafficking and alien smuggling in the United States. Gang activity is a complex and multi-layered phenomena with varying degrees of sophistication, organization and violence. And in many cases, the independent and cell- structured nature of most Asian organized crime groups makes it unlikely that destruction of the 30 Criminal Intelligence Service Canada, Annual Report on Organized Crime Canada Ottawa: Read our community guidelines here.
There are few, if any, accounts of non-Asian members being accepted in their networks. Her first application to immigrate to Canada was rejected because Chan did not provide enough tax and employment information. This may help control gang activity, improve access to information so that law enforcement and community groups can obtain a more accurate picture of how the gang phenomenon is evolving. Get the latest stories and updates straight to your Newsfeed. Researchers studying Canadian gang activity have consistently identified certain interconnected causes and sets of predictors that assist them in determining who will join a gang. Encouraging findings have been reported from this targeted outreach approach. Eastgaard provided testimony to police, which eventually led to the arrests of Chan and several other senior members of the FOB.